By further developing the regional electricity grid, Tajikistan and its neighbors can make full use of their infrastructure and resources, thereby maximizing the potential value of Tajikistan’s surplus hydropower and helping advance renewable energy throughout the region, according to the International Energy Agency.
Tajikistan’s National Development Strategy has set a goal to more than triple electricity exports to at least 10 TWh annually by 2030 – equivalent to about half the amount of electricity it generates today – which would bring much-needed revenue to the country’s state-owned utility.
IEA developed its energy policy Roadmap on Cross-Border Electricity Trading for Tajikistan as part of its work through the EU4Energy Programme. The Roadmap was launched today as part of a Cross-Border Electricity Trading Workshop, featuring input from the Tajik Ministry of Water and Energy Resources, as well as the Asian Development Bank and United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.
The roadmap examines tangible steps Tajik policy makers can take to facilitate effective cross-border integration of electricity markets. With existing and planned infrastructure, Tajikistan could unlock several cross-border electricity trading opportunities within the next decade by investing in developing its regulatory and market institutions and encouraging neighboring countries to do the same.
To take advantage of its unique hydropower advantages, Tajikistan could refurbish and upgrade its facilities to improve technical flexibility, which would increase its ability to provide additional ancillary services to its neighbors in the regional market as they ramp up the share of variable renewables in their power generation mix, IEA said. For example, the 3,000-MW Nurek Hydropower Plant is undergoing a second phase of rehabilitation.
By developing a modern power sector, Tajikistan could deliver financial benefits to its citizens and environmental benefits to the wider region through the expanded use of its hydropower resources.
IEA is leading implementation of the EU4Energy Programme funded by the EU for 11 Eastern Partnership and Central Asian countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. The program’s aim is to work with these countries to improve energy data capabilities, enhance data collection and monitoring, and assist with evidence-based energy policy design relevant to country needs.