Pakistan, India at odds over four hydropower project proposals

Pakistan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has expressed concerns within the country’s National Assembly about four Indian hydropower projects that potentially violate the Indus Waters Treaty.

The projects in question include the 690-MW Ratle, 48-MW Lower Kalnai, 120-MW Miyar and 1,500-MW Pakal Dul hydroelectric plants.

A statement from the ministry said Pakistan had sought a friendly resolution with India during a meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC), though Pakistan said India violated terms of the treaty by failing to provide information about the projects during their planning stages.

Pakistan’s Punjab Irrigation Department previously expressed concerns with the Pakal (also spelled “Pakul”) Dul project given its location on the Marusdar River in Jammu and Kashmir, which is a tributary to the Chenab River.

Pakistan has also cited treaty violations in the development of the 330-MW Kishanganga and 900-MW Baglihar projects, with the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) upholding India’s right to divert water from a Neelum River tributary for the Kishanganga earlier this year.

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